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Rhetorical Moves in the Research Article


Thus, in the context of scientific writing, being a good seller is not confined to (blatant) promotion of yourself or your research, but rather communicating your research in a convincing manner, while taking into consideration your readers expectations to the text. These expectations stem from the genre to which the text belongs. For example, when reading a research article, we expect it relates to previous research (references), to serve a certain communicative purpose, be of a certain length, and follow a certain structure.

The classical research article (reporting on empirical data) has the IMRaD structure, i.e. it consists of Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections. Each of the sections consists of certain functions, which contribute to achieving the communicative purpose. As such, each section has an underlying rhetorical structure, which is realized in rhetoric moves and steps3. The following paragraph presents the moves and steps typical of Introduction sections of the research article.



3 Swales, J.  (1990). Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.