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From Moves to Phrases


Rhetoric moves and steps in research articles are associated with certain linguistic patterns, i.e. recurring expressions that are used from paper to paper. This in itself is not surprising, because academic discourse (and all language) is highly formulaic. This is why using expressions such as listed in the previous section is not seen as plagiarism6, but rather as using genre appropriate vocabulary. This is highly recommended, especially for L2 writers, whose language skills and stylistic knowledge may not allow them to express themselves to the highest standard7. A collection of such expressions organized by sections of the research article is available in the Academic Phrasebank compiled at the University of Manchester.



6Davis, M., & Morley, J. (2015). Phrasal intertextuality: The responses of academics from different disciplines to students’ re-use of phrases. Journal of Second Language Writing, 28, 20-35.
7Morley, J (n.d). Phrasebank: a University-wide Online Writing Resource. Available from  https://tinyurl.com/lgbsxd6.