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Rhetorical Moves in the Introduction Section


Introduction sections of research articles written in English often follow the so-called Creating a Research Space (CARS) Model and include the following moves and steps3,4:



Additional steps for Move 3 (optional)4,5:

– Presenting research questions or hypotheses
–  Definitional clarifications
–  Summarizing methods
–  Announcing principal outcomes
–  Stating the value of the present research


3 Swales, J.  (1990). Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
4 Swales, J. (2014). Create a research space (CARS) model of research introductions. Writing about writing: A college reader, (pp. 6-8).
5 Cortes, V. (2013). The purpose of this study is to: Connecting lexical bundles and moves in research article introductions. Journal of English for academic purposes, 12(1), 33-43.